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 AROM Simha - African polyphony and polyrythm. Musical Structure and Methodology

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  •  AROM Simha - African polyphony and polyrythm. Musical Structure and Methodology

AROM Simha

African polyphony and polyrythm. Musical Structure and Methodology

Cambridge university Press - Maison des sciences de l'homme - Paris - 1991
ISBN: 9780521616010
XXVIII - 668 p., traduit du français par Martin Thom, Barbara Tuckett et Raymond Boyd

Disponibilité éditeur: Disponible chez l'éditeur.

Prix public éditeur: 168,51 €

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 In this detailed study Simha Arom takes a new and original approach to the understanding of the complex and sophisticated patterns of polyphony and polyrhythm that characterise African music. Considering in particular the harp, sanza, xylophone and percussion music of Central Africa, Simha Arom develops a rigorous method for the analysis of the music and for the recording and deciphering of the many strands of polyphony and polyrhythm. Through a systematic breakdown of the many layers of apparently improvised rhythm he reveals the essential structure which underlies this rich and complex music. Inspired also by linguistic techniques, Professor Arom regards the music very much as a grammatical system.

Première édition en 1991
Etude de la polyphonie complexe et du polyrythme qui caractérisent la musique africaine (harpe, percussions et balafon de République centrafricaine) et de ses principes fondamentaux
Sommaire:
List of illustrations; Foreword Gyorgy Ligeti; Preface; Acknowledgements; Map; Book I. The Music of the Central African Republic: 1. General introduction; 2. The general features of traditional music; 3. Typology; Book II. African Polyphonic Music: Introduction; 1. A classification of African polyphonies; 2. Previous studies: the present state of the subject; Book III. Technical Tools: Methods of Recording Polyphonic Music For Transcription: 1. The need for transcription; 2. The difficulties of transcription; 3. Earlier methods; 4. Towards a new method; 5. Theoretical assumptions; 6. Technical equipment: description and use; 7. From recording to transcription; 8. Checking the results; 9. Potentialities; 10. Anthropological acceptability; Book IV. Theoretical Tools: 1. The notion of relevance; 2. Description and analysis; 3. The question of transcription; Book V. The Organisation of Time In African Music: 1. A brief survey of Western rhythmics; 2. Towards precise terminology; 3. African rhythmics; Book VI. Structural Principles And Their Applications: 1. Typology; 2. Analytical notions; 3. Strict polyrhythmics; 4. Polyrhythmics as a way to polyphony: Hocket; 5. Polyphony produced by melodic instruments; 6. The association of polyphony and polyrhythmics; Conclusion; Bibliography; Discography; Index
Simha Arom est notamment l’auteur de Contes et chantefables ngbaka-ma’bo (République centrafricaine) (1970, Selaf), Les mimbo, génies du piégeage et le monde surnaturel des Ngbaka-Ma’bo (République centrafricaine) (1975, Selaf) et African Polyphony and Polyrythm. Structure and Methodology (1991, Cambridge University Press). Il a également écrit une centaine d’articles en ethnomusicologie, conçu plus de 30 disques et CD de musiques traditionnelles (République centrafricaine, Bénin, Cameroun, Niger, Grèce, Israël) et réalisé plusieurs films.
 

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